Glossary of terms used here and elsewhere
Alizarin-S Also alizarinsulfonan sodium 1,2-dihydroxy-9 ,10-anthraquinone (alizarin). Sublimating organic dye. Suitable example smoke bombs in which produces yellow smoke.
BKZ: Also proofed. Acid-base indicator.
Red blood salt: ferricyanide, potassium ferricyanide, potassium cyano derivative of iron, red blood salt forming crystals. It is used in textile production as a dye or a photographic technique as an attenuator . Prepared by the oxidation of potassium ferrocyanide (yellow blood salt).
Dextrin: dextrin, products of incomplete hydrolysis of starch . Amorphous colorless or yellowish substance soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. The iodine dye differently depending on chain length: achrodextriny (4-6 glucose units) are not color at all, chains composed of 8-12 glucose units with red (erythrodextriny) to purple (amylodextriny) and dextrin composed of 30-35 glucose units stains blue as amylose. They are used for the production of adhesives and pastes, when adjusting the paper, textiles and the food industry as thickening agents.
Electron: a lightweight magnesium alloy, aluminum, manganese and zinc. e.g. Mg 90%, 8% Al, Zn + Mn 1.5%)
Glucose: The glucose, sugar, starch, dextrose, D-glucose. Along with fructose is contained in fruits, honey and in small amounts in the blood.
Hydroquinone: The 1,4-dihydroxy benzene. White crystalline solid. It is made from aniline. It is used in paint and as a component of photographic developers. The funny chemistry used in luminescent reactions.
Indigo: blue sublimating dye. Not easy to come by, but we can make from 2-nitrobenzaldehyde
Ignita: Ignition compound used for ignition difficult zapalitekných pyrotechnics (HC smoke, termites, etc.).
Baking soda: Also sodium bicarbonate. In chemistry is used to dulling mineral acidity (neutralization of the excess acid).
Quartz earth: Also, diatomaceous earth, etc. infusirová earth. It is used as a sorption material during processing oil sorption material for chemical reactions, etc.
MM: The methylene blue. Redox indicator. The oxidized form is blue, reduced colorless.
Perchloroethylene: Also perchlorate, ethylene tetrachloride. It is used as a degreaser. The fireworks replace them as often mentioned in the HC hexachloroethane smoke bombs.
Realgar: arsenic sulphide As 4 S 4th Red glassy material in rozmletém state orange powder. When used in Bengal fires arise fumes which are toxic!
Rhodanides: Also thiocyanate. The salt of thiocyanic acid - HSČN which is in a pure state is unstable. The fireworks are rhodanides mercury used to Pharaoh's snakes and rhodanides copper with potassium chlorate as lightning mixture.
Calcium silicide: Chemical formula CaSi second Preparing to direct synthesis of calcium silicon or silicon dioxide reduction excess calcium. The pyrotechnics are used in some smoke bombs.
Sudan I : azo dye prepared by coupling benzendiazonium chloride with 2-naphthol.
Lead: simple oxide of lead-olovičitý. It is used as an inorganic pigment. Before using for pyrotechnic purposes purified about 10% NaOH solution.
Surma: The old name for antimony diamond mineral, antimony sulphide, crystallises in long needles or fluted columns, mostly intact. It is leaden gray with a bluish tint, perfectly lengthwise fission. T = 2 - 2.5, density 4.6 g • cm-third It occurs in ore veins in the Czech Republic in Pribram, Bohutin, near Milesov and beautiful mountains in the Slovak Dubrava and Kremnici. World's richest deposits are located in southern China, Bolivia, Japan and Transylvania (Romania), especially in Baia Sprite and Baiutu. The main antimony ore. Named for the chemical composition.
Lead: The minium oxide, lead-olovičitý, ortoolovičitan lead. Orange-red to bright red powder. Used as anticorrosive pigmnet into base oil painting metals. Dissolving in nitric acid (1:1) to obtain a solution of lead dioxide and lead salts. The pyrotechnics are used together with powdered metals in termites.
Shellac: gum. Used in the manufacture of insulating materials, paints, varnishes, sealing wax, and not least in the saloon Bengal fires. It can be purchased in a drugstore in Prague "Golden"
Travex: a mixture of sodium chloride and sodium chlorate, formerly used for weed control.
Tartrate: tartaric acid salt (hydroxdikarboxylová acid). a funny chemistry is used to illustrate the catalytic oxidation .
Water glass: A solution of potassium silicate and sodium in water. In industry kerasmiky used as stekuťovadlo. The fun chemistry can be used in an attempt blooming garden
Wood's metal: alloy of tin, bismuth, lead, cadmium characterized by low melting point.
Zinc oxide: Zinc oxide also. It is a white pigment paint. Prepared by the combustion of zinc. The pyrotechnics are used in some HC smoke grenades.